Emergency Templates – Get the Right Words Out Faster, More Effectively.

In an emergency, you want to get alerts out quickly. Emergency templates can help. They save you time and also help you create and send clear and effective messages with ease. 

Hyper-Reach added a templates feature to our notification system early this year. With Hyper-Reach, you can create as many predefined, customized templates as you want. You can save them, edit them and use them whenever you need to notify your community – all at no additional cost.

Check out our short video on how easily a message can be created with our predefined templates.

Hyper-Reach templates are made up of two components: “script” and “tokens”.  The “script” is the wording you use that doesn’t change when you send the message, while the “tokens” are placeholders that are replaced by words and numbers for the specific situation your alert is describing. When the words and numbers are used in place of the tokens, the entire message makes sense.   

Here’s a simple example. The “script” is the words in bold, while the tokens are the words within the curly brackets, as well as the curly brackets themselves:

Water main break at {location}. Boil water until {Expiration time}. For updates, {Info link}.

The Hyper-Reach template structure is designed to accommodate “best practices” defined by the experts in the field. Both Dr. Dennis Mileti, Professor Emeritus and former Director of the Natural Hazards Center at UC Boulder and FEMA list Source, Hazard, and Guidance as elements you need to have in your messages.  So use these for the “script” component.


Who is the message from? Your citizens want to know if the message is from an authoritative source. You’ll want to shorten the name of your organization as much as possible for messages with limited space (e.g. IPAWS, SMS.) 

Hyper-Reach can automatically provide the “source” information through a customized caller-ID and custom audio (for phone messages,) as well as for SMS and email messages.  So you only need to add Source for IPAWS and certain other types of messages.


What is the danger?  While you can create a generic message, a specific template for the most common hazards in your area (e.g. floods, wildfires, boil water alert etc.) will be helpful. Be sure to include relevant location and time parameters in either the hazard or guidance description when needed.


What should the recipient do? Be brief and use standardized words for guidance, e.g.: “evacuate”, “take shelter”, “shelter in place”, check for updates, etc.

Unlike the predefined script, tokens are variable parts of your message, indicated by curly brackets. Hyper-Reach allows you to use any words you want as tokens. We recommend using words that tell the person sending the alert the type of information to fill in, such as {age}, {height}, {guidance time}, {expiration time}, etc. 

Below are token examples you might use depending on the message type. Note that you can use whatever labels you want, although you should use only letters: (A-Z, a-z) and numbers (0-9).  Avoid the use of other characters (!,@,#,$,%,^,&,*,(,),_,+,-,=,?,/,>,<,:,;,{,},[,],|,)


Where is the hazard? When using this, you’ll fill in a description of the place, using language the recipient will understand. 



When should the recipient act on the information? This could be filled in with words like “immediately” or with a time like 10AM.



When is the hazard expected to be over or no longer relevant?  Obviously this only applies when the information is available.  You might also plan on using “unknown” to fill in a template.


Can be used for missing person or BOLO alerts. You could also be more specific and define features like “race”, “height”, “weight”, “age”, etc.

Info link

Since SMS and IPAWS messages are limited in length, including links into your message allows you to provide more detail and updates online.

When defining the message template, you’ll put the tokens in curly brackets and type the script as normal text.  For example:

Monroe Cnty 911: Water main break at {location}. Boil water until {Expiration time}. For updates, {Info link}.
Burke Cnty Emergency Mgt: Missing: {name}. {sex}, {age} yrs old,{height},{weight} lbs.,{hair color} hair. Last seen at {location} wearing {clothes}. If seen,{Guidance}. For info, {info link}.

You can even prompt for more specific information within the tokens themselves: 

Burke Cnty Emergency Mgt: Missing person {name}. {Description including sex age ht wt hair}. Last seen {where} wearing {clothes}. If seen,{Guidance}. For info, {info link}.

Although we suggest pre-defining scripts for specific types of emergencies, you can also make a very generic template by treating some of the script elements as tokens.  For example:

Overton/Pickett 911:{Hazard} at {Location} until {Expiration time}.{Guidance}{Guidance time}.

We recommend creating message templates not only for different scenarios but also for different communication channels: Twitter, text messages, and others, since standard Twitter messages are limited to 280 characters, IPAWS WEA messages to 90 characters and standard SMS text messages to 160 characters. (Remember that Hyper-Reach can support longer SMS messages.)
Here’s an example of a short message (up to 90 characters) that we have created by using our templates feature:

How Will More Extreme Weather Affect Public Perception of Warnings?

Many climate scientists are predicting that we’ll see more extreme weather events in the future. As USA Today put it recently, “ …this is only the beginning of what will be decades of increasingly dangerous and damaging extreme weather…”  Last week’s huge run of tornadoes seems to fit into that pattern, even if most experts caution about attributing specific events to broader climate trends. 

Which got us wondering how the headlines about extreme weather affect the public’s perception of emergency alerts about the weather. So we went back into the research to see what it says.

As in most social science research, the data is a little murky. But this point stood out to us: people in the Southeast – where tornadoes have the deadliest effect – tend to take tornado warnings more seriously than folks who live where tornadoes are less frequent. 

And another point that was really interesting: most tornado warnings – one source said 75% – are false alarms. Which means that those same folks in the Southeast are both getting false alarms and taking them seriously, regardless. 

And that makes sense to us. While there might be lots of false alarms, there are also many actual tornadoes that cause great destruction: destruction that shows up on the local news. And every time an area gets hit with a disaster, it increases interest in being prepared for “the next time.”

We’ve seen the same thing happen in areas with big wildfires. Some of the biggest spikes in registration for emergency alerts happen exactly when there’s front page evidence that the information in alerts might actually be useful. 

So we’re going to go out on a limb and make this prediction: as extreme weather events of any nature – tornadoes, floods, hurricanes, etc. – become more frequent, the public’s interest in emergency alerts is going to increase.

Using Alert Systems for Events.

Got a local event going on? Whether it’s a bass tournament, a concert or a marathon, many communities have local events that bring in lots of visitors from outside their immediate jurisdictions. And communication with those visitors can be difficult during emergencies and other important situations.

Hyper-Reach can help.

Our new EventReach™ service lets event attendees quickly and easily register for emergency alerts and other important information, just by texting a code to our instant registration number. Then, when you need to send information to your attendees, just create and send a message in the Hyper-Reach system. It’s as simple as that.

With EventReach, registrations are kept active for as long as you determine. You can keep registrations active before, during and after your event to notify visitors while they are on their way, while attending the event, and when they’re on their way home. Here are some of the kinds of messages you can send:

  • Traffic issues around the event
  • Announcements of drawings, surprise events
  • Weather events
  • Delays and changes of venue
  • Cancellations
  • Emergency situations
  • Thank you messages for attending

And EventReach is fully integrated with the Hyper-Reach system, which means that when you send emergency notifications based on the area where the event is taking place, your message will go to both your residents and your visitors, without having to select the visitors list separately. 

So if you’ve got an event coming up, try the new EventReach service. Just contact your Hyper-Reach representative to learn how. 

What India Can Teach Us About Emergency Alerts.

At the beginning of May, the state of Odisha, on the east coast of India, was hit by a cyclone (aka hurricane) with up to 125 mph winds. This is a very poor part of India, where a more powerful storm had killed over 9,000 people 20 years ago. But because of advance preparations, a “zero casualties” policy of the Indian government, and millions of emergency messages, the official death toll from the storm is less than 80 people.

A lot of preparations went into minimizing the number of deaths. Over 900 shelters were created and evacuation plans were tested. A disaster task force, command and control structure and other elements were put in place, and people were recruited and trained to help. There was also a big improvement in early warning systems.  

Emergency notification was also a big part of the preparations and response.  As the New York Times reported: 

“To warn people of what was coming, they deployed everything they had: 2.6 million text messages, 43,000 volunteers, nearly 1,000 emergency workers, television commercials, coastal sirens, buses, police officers, and public address systems blaring the same message on a loop, in local language, in very clear terms: ‘A cyclone is coming. Get to the shelters.’”

There is no IPAWS or equivalent in India. Instead, the government asks mobile carriers to send out messages on an ad hoc basis. There is also extensive use of WhatsApp, the messaging platform owned by Facebook. But mobile phone ownership averages less than 65% in India, vs. almost 100% in the US, so many of these messages may have started by phone, but were then passed by word of mouth to get to everyone. A friend of ours in India tells us that it’s common for people to pass important messages on to the people they know, both in person and by electronic means. 

Our key takeaway is simple: emergency alerts save lives. We also think it’s important to send those alerts as many ways as possible, and to provide consistent messaging to drive home what the risks are and what officials want the public to do. We continue to develop Hyper-Reach to enable sending messages in lots of ways (including social media, RSS, push and Internet messaging) and to encourage consistency in messaging, using templates. And we’ve got new things coming this year to help with all of that. 

The Continued Loss of Landlines

The CDC issued its latest survey results a few weeks ago, showing that the loss of landlines continues, although at a slightly slower pace than in previous releases. According to their data, 41.7% of US households had a landline as of June 2018, a drop of about 1% from the previous six months. 

So that means that today, the percent of households with landlines is likely under 41% (it goes down at least 1% every 6 months.)

Here are a few interesting tidbits from the report:

1) It’s just a matter of time before landlines have gone the way of the dodo. Almost 80% of people aged 25-34 use only cellphones, while only about 30% of those over 65 do. That means that landlines will fade more and more as older people pass away.

2) There is a huge regional difference in landline usage across the US.  Specifically, about 40% of the Northeast (Pennsylvania to Maine) is wireless only, while just under 60% of the rest of the country is. That means that landlines are much less effective from Ohio to Florida to California. 

3) There’s not much difference between urban and non-urban areas. Perhaps because the cellphone carriers have improved coverage in rural areas, the CDC says that both “metropolitan” and “non-metropolitan” households have about the same level of “wireless only.”

4) Renters are much more likely to be “wireless only” than homeowners, probably because homeowners tend to be older. The challenge here for Emergency Managers and notification systems is that renters move about 4 times more often than homeowners, so keeping a registration system updated with their current address is much more difficult. 

IPAWS Gets Better and Better

A recent report by the FCC on the results of October’s nationwide IPAWS test spurred us to review where we are with Wireless Emergency Alerts – and where we’re going.  The one line update: Important to have now – still somewhat flawed – but getting better and better. 

Here are the details:

1) The results of the October 3 test demonstrated that IPAWS can be an important delivery method but showed much room for improvement.  The FCC concluded that about 72% of respondents got the WEA test message, although the methodology they used was not described very well. Apparently the FCC was able to determine that some carriers didn’t even send the message, while not all users received one in areas where a carrier did send the message. There’s even a report of one guy with two phones who got the message twice on one phone and none on the other. 

The FCC report didn’t say anything about how long it took for the message to be delivered, but it’s worth noting that they had provided earlier guidance that it could take up to 30 minutes for the message to be delivered. 

2) Following the test message, there were reports on the west coast that many mobile users lost access to the phone network.  “…after [the test message] I lost all internet, Gmail, apps — everything stopped working,” one user reported. We’re inclined to believe AT&T that this was a freak coincidence, but it’s not the best PR.

3) Regardless, 70ish% is still a lot better than what calls to landlines would result in – at least for many emergencies. That’s because we’re at the point where just over 40% of households have a landline phone at home, and many calls to landlines wind up on the answering machine.  So IPAWS is important – NOW. 

4) Let’s take the flaws and improvements together.  First, there’s the message length, currently set to 90 characters. That’s supposed to go to 360 characters by May of 2019. While there’s a best practices report out that says you should have over 1,000 characters for emergency messages, 360 is a huge improvement over 90, especially since you can now include links to webpages, which can contain images, more text, etc. 

5) The second flaw getting fixed is the geographic targeting of IPAWS, which can be pretty poor. Current targeting can be off by up to 20+ miles, even though the FCC requires that carriers use a “best approximation” standard. Under new rules which go into effect in November, targeting will be expected to be no less accurate than 0.1 mile.  But this level of precision will be dependent on logic in the phone, so the impact of that November deadline is likely to be felt gradually as people get new phones or software upgrades to their existing phones. 

6) The third flaw being addressed is the whole area of alert quality, which includes false alerts, like the infamous Hawaii example, expired alerts that need to be cancelled, alerts that cross jurisdictions or go to the wrong areas, and other general user errors.  Here, there are no specific rules in place yet, but there is much activity in Congress and elsewhere to provide fixes. In particular, FEMA has estimated that they’ll have a new set of rules in place by October to motivate both Alerting Authorities (that’s you) and software providers (that’s us) to do more training, testing and error prevention. And since FEMA has already indicated the kind of changes they’re looking for, Hyper-Reach has either already implemented or is hard at work implementing the expected changes.

So while IPAWS has its warts, it continues to develop in the right direction.  And that’s critical, because it’s the only technology so far with a reasonable chance of getting a highly targeted message to a majority of citizens under threat of an emergency. 

KEEPING IT FRESH. Hyper-Reach: Relentless Pioneers in Emergency Notification

You may not be aware of just how innovative we are at Hyper-Reach, but we have a long history of “firsts” in Emergency Notification!

  • first to offer a hosted mass notification system
  • first to send a message to be broadcast by IPAWS
  • first to fully automate weather notifications
  • first to provide specific local caller-ID for voice notifications
  • first to provide conferencing/ call-forwarding options
  • first to provide managed recipient response options
  • first to reply with last message sent in response to *66 calls and “missed call” callbacks
  • first to provide community sign-up via Phone/Text to same #
  • first to offer the most accurate geo-targeting by combining the most current data with Google maps functionality

I know that’s not even all of them…  that’s just off the top of my head. In some of these cases it’s not just “first” but is still “only” and a good number of these features are still not available with most, if not all, of our competitors.

Now we don’t brag a lot, and we don’t advertise a lot. It’s more our style to build relationships with our clients and find personal ways to make connections. It may be a little bit slower that way, and we may not be the biggest vendor in our space, but we have an excellent offering, and by keeping our costs down, we can offer our clients a better value than they will find elsewhere. We’ll never be too big for our britches.

You may have seen this quote on our brochures or proposals:


We never compromise our standards. Determined to remain the easiest-to-use full-featured emergency mass notification service, we are committed to treating our customers with speed, intelligence, and courtesy.

And we mean it.  

So we listen to our clients when they tell us what they’d “like to have” and if it makes sense on a broader scale, we incorporate it into our platform.  Sometimes we even come up with an idea or two of our own!

We are always adding new features and tools, improving existing ones, and developing some pretty neat stuff to make your lives easier when sending out notifications, and give you added functionality so you can get more value out of your Emergency Notification System. Here are just a few of the most recent additions.

Dynamic Lists:  Eliminating the need to manage group lists, your dynamic lists will update themselves!  So much easier than having to maintain your internal group lists.

Hyper-Reach Launch:It’s easier than 1-2-3… now you can launch and track your notifications quickly and easily from your iOS or Android device, no matter where you are.

Pop-Ups:Community members can respond to pop-up suggestions on your web site, to opt-in for pop-up notifications.  Quick and easy and extends your reach.

Message Templates:Talk about getting a message out fast!  Our new Message Templates allow you to grab and go – just fill in the blanks with the details and send it out!

If you’d like to learn more and see these features and others in a live web demo, we’d love to give you a closer look! Just request our demo here.

Increasing role of Emergency Notification System

Recent years have been memorable for large and increasingly damaging wildfires in California, Washington and other western states and destructive hurricanes in Texas, Puerto Rico, North Carolina and Florida.

It has been over a month since hurricane Florence hit the Carolinas but its impact is still being felt, and will be for some time. The storm set a new rainfall record in North Carolina and left about 1 million people without power.  A few weeks later, category 4 hurricane Michael caused 19 deaths in four states as of Tue, Oct. 16. Former National Hurricane Center (NHC) head Rick Knabb said: “Michael could be one of the worst hurricanes to ever strike the Florida Big Bend/Florida Panhandle region”.

Some experts believe that natural disasters such as wildfires, hurricanes and flooding are likely to become more frequent and severe in the future. Which is all the more reason to do everything we can to prepare for such severe weather events.

As an emergency notification provider, we are aware of the difficulties Emergency Managers deal with during natural disasters. One of the biggest challenges is in notifying the community quickly and effectively about the dangers, and providing citizens with important up-to-date information and instructions.

With a growing number of severe weather events, more and more Emergency Managers rely on their emergency notification systems (ENS) to notify the public, since they can reach thousands of people in just minutes with potentially life-saving information and instructions. But even if you have an ENS in place it’s only half the battle. It’s critical that you get as many  of your citizens as possible to sign up for emergency alerts, since the vast majority of people no longer use landlines.

Experience shows that the number of subscribers goes up after a major emergency has already happened and caused big damage or even loss of lives. It’s unfortunate that it takes a catastrophe to get people’s attention, but to some degree that’s just human nature. On the other hand, it is still a great opportunity to raise your community enrollment rate before another emergency strikes.

That’s why it’s so important to use all the means available to you to enroll your community members. It’s important to make sure they have all the options presented to them, and that you don’t give up on getting them enrolled. Let them sign up in a way they’ll feel comfortable with.  One of the groups at greatest risk is the elderly, which is why it’s so important to give them options that work for them.

Here are some of the other most common obstacles holding people back from registering with your emergency notification system:

  • Ignorance: Some simply are not aware that you have a notification system in place and that they need to register if they want to receive emergency alerts.
  • Language barrier: They may not know that alerts are available in their own language.
  • Difficulty:  The registration link is hard to find.
  • Time restraints:  The registration process is too lengthy or complicated.
  • Fear of too many notifications:  They don’t want irrelevant or unnecessary notifications and don’t want to be awakened during late night hours

Hyper-Reach offers a number of enrollment methods to help its clients to develop a successful outreach campaign.  When all the options are utilized effectively, we find our clients can greatly increase their enrollment rates.

Hyper-Reach is also seamlessly integrated with FEMA’s IPAWS technology, allowing authorized clients to use IPAWS WEA messages to fill in the gaps so they can reach just about all the residents and visitors in an affected area, even if they haven’t registered for emergency alerts or are just passing through the affected community.

Find out more about how Hyper-Reach goes above and beyond in helping you enroll your community. Request a demo now.

Hurricane Season is here! Are your notifications ready?

The hurricane season has begun. NOAA recently released their 2018 hurricane predictions – the season will be average or slightly above the norm. The forecast indicates a 70% chance of seeing between 5 and 9 hurricanes, with a total of 10-16 named storms.

It’s still impossible to precisely predict the number of hurricanes that will hit the coast, and even harder to predict how strong they will become or the extent of the damage they will cause. “There are no strong climate signals saying it’s going to be extremely active, like last year, or extremely weak,” Gerry Bell, a lead forecaster at NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center, recently told reporters. Because history has shown that the effects of such storms can be devastating, preparedness is critical.  

The good thing is that unlike some other severe weather hazards, we usually have advance notice of hurricanes, so usually, there’s time for some preparation. As an Emergency Notification System provider, we’d like to focus on how to prepare an effective communication plan for the hurricane season and how your Emergency Notification System may help you with that.

Since you don’t get a chance to edit the weather alerts sent out by the National Weather Services, you’ll want to fill in the gaps by providing your community with detailed instructions and updated information during a hurricane. So we highlighted these 3 steps that we hope will help you to do that:

Step 1 – Prepare before the hurricane season begins:

Although the hurricane activity can’t be predicted precisely, we recommend that you don’t wait for the NOAA alert, rather include your communication strategy in your pre-season preparations.

This time you could spend on:

  • Developing your hurricane communication plan. Modern notification systems, such as Hyper-Reach, let you use multiple communication channels to spread instructions to your community. You can send your alerts simultaneously via voice messages, text, email, social media and IPAWS. Remember to include links into your messages, if possible, to provide more detail.
  • Ramp up your ENS enrollment efforts before the season starts – remind your citizens that hurricane season is on the way and that those who haven’t signed up for emergency alerts should do this as soon as possible. Explain the importance of this action and provide some good examples.  Use all the means available to you to enroll your community members.
  • Informing the public about your ENS communication plan, and that in addition to the alerts from the National Weather Service, they should watch for notifications from you that may include instructions and guidance.
  • Preparing hurricane emergency notification templates. This will save you time during an emergency. Pay particular attention to the message structure. You can learn more about an effective message structure in one of our recent  posts.

Step 2 – When the storms begin, follow your plan:

  • If the hurricane strikes, remember to use your pre-designed templates and follow your hurricane preparedness plan. At this point, you should have already identified who will be responsible for preparing and sending these alerts.
  • Keep your citizens informed on all stages of the hazard – provide updates with critical information and new instructions as needed before, during and in the aftermath of the storm. This will help people to stay safe and react appropriately:
    • before the storm – tell your citizens what precautions should be taken. Here are some examples: let people know where shelter locations are, provide evacuation route, remind them to prepare an emergency preparedness kit and to keep important documents with them or in a safe place. Recommend them to monitor local news for updates as well.
    • provide your people with as many updates as needed during and in the aftermath of the storm – give them accurate directions on how to avoid danger, and the evacuation plan, if needed. Update your citizens with flooding information, advice to be careful during the clean-up: avoid wading in flood water, touching wet electrical equipment and downed, damaged power lines etc. And finally, tell people when it’s safe to return back home.

Step 3 – Measure Your Effectiveness

Measure the effectiveness of your emergency communication campaign. A robust mass notification system, such as Hyper-Reach, will provide informative reports that allow you to measure performance of your notifications and see what channels and messages were most effective. This will help you to be even more prepared and efficient next time.

Emergency Notification Systems can be powerful tools.  They have proved to be extremely useful in notifying the community about all types of dangerous situations. In many cases they have helped to save lives and helped citizens to avoid danger. If you don’t have such a system in place yet, or want to see how your current system compares with the Hyper-Reach Emergency Notification System, please request a demo and we would be more than happy to show you all the advantages Hyper-Reach provides.  

As one of our many “firsts” in the ENS industry, Hyper-Reach will soon be releasing our new Push Notifications. Keep an eye on our upcoming blog posts for more details on this and other new feature releases!

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Let’s re-write another NWS alert

This recent alert was screaming “re-write” when it came in last night.   So here goes:

The Original

HEADLINE: Heat Advisory issued June 17 at 10:38PM EDT until June 18 at 8:00PM EDT by NWS Buffalo

* LOCATIONS…Niagara, Orleans, Monroe, Wayne, Northern Cayuga,
Oswego, Genesee, Livingston, and Ontario counties.
* TIMING…From late Monday morning through early Monday evening.
* HEAT INDEX VALUES…In the upper 90s.
* IMPACTS…The combination of hot temperatures and high
humidity levels will result in a potential for heat-related
illnesses if proper precautions are not taken.

INSTRUCTIONS: A Heat Advisory means that a period of hot temperatures is
expected. The combination of hot temperatures and high humidity
will combine to create a situation in which heat illnesses are
possible. Drink plenty of fluids…stay in an air-conditioned
room…stay out of the sun…and check in on relatives and
Take extra precautions if you work or spend time outside. when
possible…reschedule strenuous activities to early morning or
evening. Know the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion and heat
stroke. Wear light weight and loose fitting clothing when
possible and drink plenty of water.
To reduce risk during outdoor work…the occupational safety and
health administration recommends scheduling frequent rest breaks
in shaded or air conditioned environments. anyone overcome by
heat should be moved to a cool and shaded location. Heat stroke
is an emergency – call 9 1 1.


Our Re-write, based on the Mileti principles:

HEADLINE: NWS Buffalo: High Temperature Danger on Monday, June 18 from 10AM to 8:00PM EDT

* SOURCE: NWS Buffalo

* HAZARD: Heat index in the high 90s starting at 10AM Monday.  Hot weather and high humidity means a risk of heat illness, heat exhaustion or heat stroke.

* LOCATIONS…NY State: Niagara, Orleans, Monroe, Wayne, Northern Cayuga, Oswego, Genesee, Livingston, and Ontario counties. (a link to a map here would make so much sense.)

* GUIDANCE …From 10AM Monday, drink plenty of fluids…stay out of the sun and in air-conditioning where possible…and check in on relatives and neighbors.
If outside, do these things, if possible: limit high-effort activities to early morning or evening. Wear light weight and loose fitting clothing. Drink plenty of water.  Schedule rest breaks every hour in the shade or cooler area. Anyone overcome by heat should be moved to a cool and shaded location. Call 9 1 1 if heat stroke or exhaustion is suspected.

* EXPIRES… Early Monday evening (8PM).


Not only does this reduce the number of words, but we cut the reading level required by 1-2 grades and went from “fairly difficult” to “fairly easy” to read. (Here’s the test we used.)

This could also be improved on.  For example, a link to a resource explaining the symptoms of heat exhaustion/stroke would be helpful.   And the words “overcome by heat” are ambiguous.  Listing some symptoms, such as “feeling faint, dizzy or weak” would be much more clear.

To make a template out of this, we could do it this way, making the assumption that there is a weather forecast that lets us choose a start time:

* SOURCE: {Source}

* HAZARD: Heat index in {Heat index} starting at {Start time}. Hot weather and high humidity means a risk of heat illness, heat exhaustion or heat stroke.

* LOCATION {Location}

* Guidance: From {Start}, drink plenty of fluids…stay out of the sun and in air-conditioning where possible…and check in on relatives and neighbors.
If outside, do these things, if possible: limit work or exercise to early morning or evening. Wear light weight and loose fitting clothing. Drink plenty of water.  Schedule rest breaks every hour in the shade or a cooler area. Anyone overcome by heat should be moved to a cool and shaded location. Call 9 1 1 if heat stroke or exhaustion is suspected.

* EXPIRES… {Expiration time}.